Inchoate Crimes In Florida
Most criminal charges in the United States are fairly straightforward. If there’s proof a person carried out an illegal action, they can be convicted of a crime. The most difficult crimes to prove, however, are what’s called inchoate crimes. These crimes are more complex because they only involve the attempt or intention to commit a crime.
Those charged with inchoate crimes face serious penalties that have the potential to significantly alter the course of their lives. In Florida, the best chance at a future free of those charges and the penalties they inflict upon conviction is to hire a knowledgeable criminal defense team like the attorneys at The Umansky Law Firm.
Inchoate crimes can be defined by understanding the distinction between mens rea and actus reus. Mens rea is a mental state, whereas actus reus is an action. Inchoate crimes can be proven if there’s solid evidence that the individual in question was in a mental state that allowed them to purposefully plan a crime.
The four mental states that exist within mens rea are:
There are three categories that an inchoate crime can fall into. The three categories are:
Conspiracy: Planning with another person to commit a crime.
Solicitation: Asking another person to commit a crime for you.
Attempt: Trying to commit a crime but failing to do so successfully.
An example of an inchoates crime with evidence of mens rea is a situation where a person planned to drive their car into a crowd of people. To be convicted, the prosecution would need to find evidence that the person knowingly planned to get into their car, turn it on, and drive directly into that crowd. They might find this evidence in the form of a text message, internet searches, or written plans. To convict the person they would need to prove that they were not in an altered state of mind.
The penalties for an inchoate crime depend heavily on the crime in question. For example, an individual charged with asking someone to commit murder on their behalf would face more severe charges than an individual facing charges for planning to vandalize a building. Likewise, the defense strategy created by an attorney is also dependent on the crime in question.
Any person charged with an inchoate crime should seek the assistance of a criminal defense attorney as quickly as possible. Once they’ve secured an attorney for their case, it’s imperative to share the details surrounding the case and consult them before disclosing any information to outside sources. In an inchoate case, even the smallest leaked detail can become incriminating evidence.
If you’re facing charges for a mistake you made, don’t let that mistake define your life. At The Umansky Law Firm, we believe that everyone deserves a second chance and we want to help you win yours. When you come to us, we will take the time to get to know you and your case so we can create an effective defense strategy that holds up in court. We will work tirelessly to ensure you understand the process you’re going through and that you know what our plans for your defense are every step of the way.
In Orlando, the attorneys at The Umansky Law Firm are highly rated on Avvo.com for their customer satisfaction. In recent years they were named among Florida’s Legal Elite. With more than 100 years of combined experience as a team, they’re a top choice for lawyers in Central Florida.
To schedule a free consultation, call 407-228-3838 or contact us online today.